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2022.07.29 习近平警告乔-拜登

发表于 2022-7-29 21:02:25 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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Xi Jinping, China’s president, warned Joe Biden against “interfering” with Taiwan, saying that “those who play with fire will perish by it”, according to Chinese state media. Their call lasted more than two hours, and included discussion of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine—and plans to meet face-to-face. Sino-American relations have become trickier with the prospect of Nancy Pelosi, speaker of the House of Representatives, paying a visit to Taiwan.

Russia launched missiles at a military installation near Kyiv—its first attack on Ukraine’s capital in weeks. Russian missiles also struck Kropyvnytskyi, in the centre of the country, killing five people. Ukrainian forces meanwhile stepped up efforts to retake Kherson, in southern Ukraine, where Russian forces are now “virtually cut off”, according to Britain’s defence ministry.

Germany reported stagnant GDP figures for the second quarter of 2022; it is set to be the worst economic performer among G7 nations this year. Germany’s outsize dependence on Russian gas has stalled economic growth and created the threat of rationing energy this winter. Germany’s results stood in sharp contrast to France’s: the French economy grew by 0.5% in the second quarter.

Viktor Orban, the prime minister of Hungary, said that he expects to reach a deal with Russia for additional gas supplies by the end of the summer. The country intends to buy an extra 700m cubic metres of gas, on top of the 4.5bn it already receives. Mr Orban has consistently opposed European sanctions of Russian gas as a response to Vladimir Putin’s war in Ukraine.

Jack Ma is to cede control of Ant Group, the Chinese fintech giant he founded in 2014, according to the Wall Street Journal. Mr Ma, also the founder of Alibaba and perhaps China’s most recognisable businessman, fell out of favour with the Communist Party as it worried that his companies had accumulated too much power. Mr Ma largely disappeared from public view after criticising the party in 2020.

Standard & Poor’s downgraded Pakistan’s outlook, from “neutral” to “negative”, joining the other big ratings agencies. The Pakistani rupee plumbed a new low, shedding 1.3% to land at 236 to the dollar, as high commodity prices bit into its foreign-exchange reserves. With external debt of $250bn and reserves of barely $9bn, Pakistan could be in line for a Sri Lankan-style crisis.

Britain’s only gender-reassignment unit is to close following a damning report into its operations. The Tavistock clinic was accused of being too quick to rush children onto puberty blockers and of failing to explore its patients’ mental-health problems. Kids with gender dysphoria are to be sent to new regional centres, which will be required to have stronger links with mental-health services.

Fact of the day: 31%, the share of Americans who say the economy is their most important issue. Read the full story.

Ukraine’s grain sets sail

A ship packed with Ukrainian grain is is readying to leave Odessa or a nearby Ukrainian port, perhaps as early as Friday. It would be the first to leave the port under an agreement brokered last week by António Guterres, the UN’s secretary-general, and Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Turkey’s president.

The deal has survived despite a Russian missile strike on Odessa’s port on July 23rd, one day after it was signed. A co-ordination centre in Istanbul, staffed by officials from Russia, Turkey, Ukraine and the UN, will inspect ships entering and leaving Ukrainian ports to ensure they do not carry weapons. Ukraine may have to clear some of the mines it planted in its own waters, to prevent an amphibious invasion, to create corridors for cargo ships.

The deal may ease a global food crisis intensified by the grain blockade. But uncertainty abounds. The costs of insuring shipments through the Black Sea have spiked, as companies fret about Russian attacks. And Russia could still—literally—torpedo the deal.

America revs up its industrial policy

The CHIPS and Science Act, a bill aimed at building up America’s technological muscle, bringing chip manufacturing back to the country and countering China, has had a tortuous path. A version was first proposed in 2020. But this week, it finally sailed through votes in the Senate and the House. On Friday President Joe Biden is expected to sign it into law.

The bill allocates about $52bn to the semiconductor industry, providing subsidies to manufacture chips in America. A separate $200bn will go towards scientific research, particularly in cutting-edge fields such as artificial intelligence and advanced manufacturing.

There are plenty of sceptics about the potential impact. America’s advantage in the semiconductor industry lies in design, not manufacturing, but the legislation is focused on the latter. Managing such a huge infusion of cash into the sciences will also be a challenge. But given America’s political polarisation, Congress’s ability to agree on such a big initiative is remarkable in itself.

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Rocketing profits at ExxonMobil

ExxonMobil, an American oil firm, is expected to unveil its best quarterly financial results in at least 25 years on Friday. Its profits for the second quarter could shoot up to $18bn, more than double the figure it posted in the previous three months. Two factors are boosting the company’s fortunes. First, Russia’s war in Ukraine has led to a crunch in refined products like petrol and diesel. That has increased ExxonMobil’s refining margins by as much as $4.6bn. Second, higher global oil and gas prices will increase profits by up to $3.3bn.

But there might be trouble ahead. Sky-high profits for energy firms have triggered a political backlash: more governments may follow Britain’s lead in imposing windfall taxes. And elevated prices could eventually reduce demand, for example by spurring faster adoption of electric vehicles. As industry veterans say, the best cure for high prices is high prices.

Airbnb checks out of China

Few foreign internet services work in China. The country has its own array of super-app businesses and the government has restricted much of the competition, blocking foreign social-media sites such as Facebook and Twitter. But Airbnb, an accommodation-rental site, thought it could crack the market when it launched in 2016.

For a while it did, quickly picking up users by offering localised services on Chinese platforms. Yet revenues from China remained minuscule, accounting for about 1% of business in recent years. The Silicon Valley-based company was also occasionally rocked by controversy when minority groups, such as Uyghurs, were blocked from renting rooms. It finally called it quits in May, prompted by the government’s “zero-covid” policy, which has virtually halted foreign tourism. Friday is the last day users can book stays in China: from Saturday onwards they will be unable to. Airbnb joins a growing Western exodus. LinkedIn, a professional networking group, and Kindle, Amazon’s e-book service, have also ditched China over the past year.

Improving HIV prevention

For years, abstinence and condoms were the only ways to prevent HIV infections. A daily pill of tenofovir and emtricitabine was later approved for high-risk people; it prevents people from contracting HIV, even if exposed. But last year American regulators approved a new regimen: injections of cabotegravir every two months. In trials in Africa, the drug was 89% more effective at preventing acquisition of the disease than the daily pill among women at high risk. Ahead of the International AIDS Conference, which begins in Montreal on Friday, the World Health Organisation has released new guidelines recommending cabotegravir.

Treatment, too, has improved. For years, people with HIV/AIDS had to take several pills a day to stay healthy and reduce the chances of transmission. In December European authorities approved the use of infrequent cabotegravir and rilpivirine injections as a treatment; the injections are as effective as pills in suppressing viral loads but much less burdensome. For people affected by HIV, science has delivered some relief.

Daily quiz

Our baristas will serve you a new question each day this week. On Friday your challenge is to give us all five answers and, as important, tell us the connecting theme. Email your responses (and include mention of your home city and country) by 1700 BST on Friday to We’ll pick randomly from those with the right answers and crown one winner per continent on Saturday.

Friday: What was the codename of the Apollo 11 lunar module?

Thursday: Which animated characters are the “rescue rangers” who are the focus of a new Disney film?

What would life be if we had no courage to attempt anything?

Vincent van Gogh

据中国国家媒体报道,中国国家主席习近平警告乔-拜登不要 "干涉 "台湾问题,他说 "玩火者必自焚"。他们的通话持续了两个多小时,包括讨论俄罗斯对乌克兰的入侵--以及计划进行面对面的会谈。由于众议院议长南希-佩洛西有可能访问台湾,中美关系变得更加棘手。

俄罗斯向基辅附近的一个军事设施发射了导弹--这是几周来俄罗斯对乌克兰首都的首次攻击。俄罗斯的导弹还袭击了该国中部的克罗皮耶夫尼茨基,造成5人死亡。与此同时,乌克兰军队加紧努力夺回乌克兰南部的赫尔松,据英国国防部称,俄罗斯军队现在在那里 "几乎被切断"。


匈牙利总理维克多-欧尔班(Viktor Orban)表示,他希望在夏季结束前与俄罗斯达成额外天然气供应的协议。该国打算在已经收到的45亿立方米天然气的基础上,再额外购买7亿立方米的天然气。欧尔班先生一直反对欧洲对俄罗斯天然气的制裁,作为对弗拉基米尔-普京在乌克兰战争的回应。


标准普尔将巴基斯坦的评级从 "中性 "下调至 "负面",加入其他大型评级机构的行列。巴基斯坦卢比跌至新低,下跌1.3%,降至236美元,因为大宗商品价格高涨侵蚀了其外汇储备。巴基斯坦的外债为2500亿美元,储备仅有90亿美元,可能会出现斯里兰卡式的危机。








芯片和科学法案》(CHIPS and Science Act)旨在建立美国的技术力量,将芯片制造业带回美国,并对抗中国,该法案走过了曲折的道路。一个版本在2020年首次提出。但本周,它终于在参议院和众议院的投票中顺利通过。周五,乔-拜登总统预计将签署该法案成为法律。









有一段时间,它确实做到了,通过在中国平台上提供本地化的服务,迅速获得了用户。然而,来自中国的收入仍然微不足道,近年来只占业务的1%左右。当维吾尔族等少数民族群体被禁止租房时,这家位于硅谷的公司也偶尔会受到争议的冲击。在政府 "零容忍 "政策的推动下,该公司最终于5月宣布退出,该政策几乎停止了外国旅游。周五是用户可以在中国预订住宿的最后一天:从周六开始,他们将无法预订。Airbnb加入了越来越多的西方人出走的行列。在过去的一年里,专业网络团体LinkedIn和亚马逊的电子书服务Kindle也已经放弃了中国。







星期四。哪些动画人物是迪斯尼新电影中的重点 "救援队员"?


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