微博

ECO中文网

 找回密码
 立即注册

QQ登录

只需一步,快速开始

查看: 813|回复: 0
收起左侧

2022.06.30美国最高法院限制了环境保护局监管发电厂

[复制链接]
发表于 2022-7-1 01:00:46 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

马上注册 与译者交流

您需要 登录 才可以下载或查看,没有帐号?立即注册

x
America’s Supreme Court limited the authority of the Environmental Protection Agency to regulate carbon emissions by power plants, complicating government efforts to mitigate climate change. In a separate case the court held that the Biden administration could reverse a Trump-era policy requiring asylum-seekers to remain in Mexico while their claims are adjudicated. The rulings cap a controversial term in which the court’s conservative majority eliminated the right to abortion, loosened gun laws and eroded the separation between church and state.

Israel’s parliament voted by 92-0 to dissolve itself, triggering a new election​​ to be held on November 1st. It will be the country’s fifth in under four years. On Friday Israel’s prime minister, Naftali Bennett, will be replaced by Yair Lapid, now foreign minister, who will run a caretaker government until the election. Before the vote Mr Bennett, who was in charge for just a year, said he would not run again for a seat in the Knesset. The jostling makes possible a comeback by Binyamin Netanyahu, a former prime minister.

China’s president, Xi Jinping, arrived in Hong Kong for events celebrating the 25th anniversary of the territory’s handover from British to Chinese rule. In preparation for the anniversary, on July 1st, many of the city’s streets and buildings have been adorned with red Chinese flags. It is Mr Xi’s first trip outside of mainland China since the pandemic began, and his first visit to Hong Kong since 2017.

America promised to deploy more troops, warplanes and warships to Europe as part of NATO’s “fundamental shift” following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. During a summit in Madrid the alliance agreed to fortify its eastern flank, declaring Russia to be its “most significant and direct threat”. President Joe Biden also backed the sale of American-made F-16 fighter jets to Turkey, a day after the country dropped its opposition to NATO membership for Finland and Sweden.

Russian forces withdrew from Snake Island, a tiny but strategically important chunk of Ukrainian territory in the Black Sea. Russia called the move a “gesture of goodwill” to show that it is not blocking food exports by sea from Ukraine. But Ukraine claims it forced the occupiers into a hasty retreat, having in recent days intensified its efforts to remove them.

The committee investigating the insurrection at the US Capitol on January 6th 2021 subpoenaed Donald Trump’s White House counsel. Pat Cipollone will be asked to testify about the former president’s role in the riot but also about his various schemes to try to overturn the 2020 election which, as a member of the Trump administration in its final months, Mr Cipollone was privy to.

Ferdinand “Bongbong” Marcos was sworn in as the president of the Philippines in Manila. Sara Duterte, the daughter of Rodrigo Duterte, the outgoing president, was sworn in as vice-president. In his inaugural speech, Mr Marcos—whose father once ruled in a violent and corrupt dictatorship—said: “I am here not to talk about the past. I am here to tell you about our future.”

Fact of the day: 651, the number of people who died trying to cross America’s border with Mexico in 2021. Read the full article.


Indonesia’s president goes to Moscow

PHOTO: AP
In the past four months a steady stream of national leaders have met their warring counterparts in Russia and Ukraine. Up next is Joko Widodo, the Indonesian president. After visiting Volodomyr Zelensky, Ukraine’s president, on Wednesday, Jokowi, as he is known, will meet Vladimir Putin on Thursday.

Jokowi is the first South-East Asian leader to visit both countries since Russia’s invasion. He has described his “mission” as trying to prevent a looming food crisis that risks casting poor countries, which rely on grain imports from Russia and Ukraine, “into the abyss of extreme poverty and hunger”. He is unlikely to succeed. But as president of this year’s G20 meeting, in November, he has invited both Mr Zelensky and Mr Putin to attend, even though Ukraine (unlike Russia) is not a member. If they do, it will be quite an achievement. And if he can position Indonesia as a world power capable of mediating conflict, all the better.

Joe Biden considers offshore oil and gas

PHOTO: EPA
With petrol prices in America at record levels and inflation at a 40-year high, President Joe Biden is under pressure to act. His administration’s five-year plan for offshore oil and natural-gas development, a draft of which is due on Thursday, could offer some ideas of how it intends to deal with the energy crisis.

Republicans (and the occasional fossil-fuel-friendly Democrat) have criticised Mr Biden’s administration for hesitating to open new offshore sites for extraction. More supply, they contend, will help bring prices down. But environmentalists believe cutting the supply of fossil fuels is necessary to pivot America toward greener energy. Complicating matters further, when Mr Biden was running for office, he pledged to ban new drilling in federal waters.

Still, whatever Mr Biden’s plans, no additional fuel can arrive quickly enough to alleviate America’s current energy woes. Until a final oil-and-gas plan is approved later this year, leases on new sites cannot be auctioned to companies. And those leases anyway take years to bring supplies to market. Americans will be stuck with wallet-guzzling petrol prices for a while yet.

Get the briefing in your inbox
Delivered before breakfast six times per week.

Sign up
The Marcos family return to the Philippine presidency

PHOTO: DAVE SIMONDS
On Thursday Ferdinand “Bongbong” Marcos was sworn in as president of the Philippines, taking over from Rodrigo Duterte. Among the onlookers at the inauguration was Imelda Marcos, mother of the new president and widow of the first Ferdinand Marcos to hold that position.

The regime of the elder Marcos terrorised its opponents and looted the economy, before a popular uprising restored democracy in 1986. Glossing over this stain on his family’s name, the younger Mr Marcos won the presidential election in May despite offering Filipinos few details on how he planned to govern.

The rehabilitation of the Marcos dynasty has both practical and symbolic meaning. The popularly despised Mrs Marcos, who turns 93 on Saturday, is free on bail while she appeals against her conviction for graft in 2018, part of a $200m corruption case stemming from her husband’s two decades in office. Once in office, her son could pardon her.

The plane in Spain stays mainly on the ground

PHOTO: GETTY IMAGES
On Thursday Ryanair cabin crew in Spain begin a three-day strike, shortly after similar action in several other European countries. Though the airline claims the first strikes caused little disruption, this one coincides with a stoppage by employees at EasyJet, also in Spain. Meanwhile, staff at British Airways and Scandinavian Airlines have threatened a walkout, other airlines and airports are battling through fractious pay talks, and some air-traffic controllers may also down tools.

Pent-up demand from flyers in Europe and America had already outpaced the ability of airlines and airports to re-employ staff laid off during the pandemic. A lack of workers has led to cancellations on both continents, as well as long queues in peak travel times. The July 4th holiday weekend in America will prove another test for airlines, airports and passengers. Add in the strikes, and it all makes for a gloomy summer in the departure lounge.



A simpler alternative to IVF?

PHOTO: SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
In-vitro fertilisation, the process by which an embryo is created artificially and inserted into a uterus, is marvellous. But it involves serious medical intervention, costs a lot of money and often fails. According to new research by Lindsay Machan of the University of British Columbia, there may be a simpler alternative.

When infertility is caused by a blockage of the Fallopian tubes, one option is to try unblocking them with a fine wire. This process, called recanalisation, is not new. But Dr Machan thinks it is underused.

Between 2015 and 2021 Dr Machan’s team examined 725 women who had at least one blocked Fallopian tube. The doctors were able to reopen a clogged tube in 539 of them by using recanalisation. Dr Machan did not look into how likely these women would subsequently be to conceive without IVF. But with about 2.5m cycles of the treatment performed each year, somebody should.

Daily quiz

Our baristas will serve you a new question each day this week. On Friday your challenge is to give us all five answers and, as important, tell us the connecting theme. Email your responses (and include mention of your home city and country) by 1700 BST on Friday to QuizEspresso@economist.com. We’ll pick randomly from those with the right answers and crown one winner per continent on Saturday.

Thursday: Which British newspaper was founded as the Daily Universal Register in 1785?
Wednesday: Which Christmas carol was based on a poem by Christina Rossetti, set to music by Gustav Holst?

Why didn’t an epic poet ever write a word about our lives?

Omprakash Valmiki






美国最高法院限制了环境保护局监管发电厂碳排放的权力,使政府缓解气候变化的努力变得复杂。在另一起案件中,法院认为拜登政府可以推翻特朗普时代的政策,该政策要求寻求庇护者在其申请得到裁决时留在墨西哥。这些裁决为一个有争议的任期划上了句号,在这个任期内,法院的保守派多数取消了堕胎权,放宽了枪支法,并侵蚀了政教分离的规定。

以色列议会以92比0的投票结果解散了自己,引发了将于11月1日举行的新选举。这将是该国在四年内的第五次选举。周五,以色列总理纳夫塔利-贝内特(Naftali Bennett)将被现任外交部长亚伊尔-拉皮德(Yair Lapid)取代,后者将在选举前管理一个看守政府。在投票前,执政仅一年的贝内特先生表示,他不会再竞选以色列议会的席位。这种争夺使得前总理本雅明-内塔尼亚胡有可能卷土重来。

中国国家主席习近平抵达香港,参加庆祝香港从英国移交给中国统治25周年的活动。为了迎接7月1日的周年纪念日,该市的许多街道和建筑都挂上了红色的中国国旗。这是习近平先生自疫情开始以来首次在中国大陆以外的地方访问,也是他自2017年以来首次访问香港。

美国承诺向欧洲部署更多部队、战机和军舰,作为俄罗斯入侵乌克兰后北约 "基本转变 "的一部分。在马德里的一次峰会上,该联盟同意加固其东翼,宣布俄罗斯是其 "最重要和最直接的威胁"。乔-拜登总统还支持向土耳其出售美制F-16战斗机,此前一天该国放弃了对芬兰和瑞典加入北约的反对。

俄罗斯军队撤出了蛇岛,这是乌克兰在黑海的一块很小但具有战略意义的领土。俄罗斯称此举是一种 "善意的姿态",以表明它并没有阻止乌克兰的海上粮食出口。但乌克兰声称,它迫使占领者匆忙撤退,最近几天,它加强了清除占领者的努力。

调查2021年1月6日美国国会大厦叛乱事件的委员会传唤了唐纳德-特朗普的白宫律师。帕特-西波龙将被要求就前总统在暴乱中的作用作证,但也要就他试图推翻2020年选举的各种计划作证,作为特朗普政府最后几个月的成员,西波龙先生对这些计划是知情的。

费迪南德-"邦邦"-马科斯在马尼拉宣誓就职为菲律宾总统。即将离任的总统罗德里戈-杜特尔特的女儿萨拉-杜特尔特宣誓就任副总统。马科斯先生--他的父亲曾经在一个暴力和腐败的独裁政权中执政--在他的就职演讲中说。"我在这里不是为了谈论过去。我在这里是要告诉你们我们的未来。"

今天的事实。651人,2021年试图穿越美国与墨西哥边境的死亡人数。阅读全文。


印度尼西亚总统前往莫斯科

照片。美联社
在过去四个月中,源源不断的国家领导人在俄罗斯和乌克兰会见了他们交战的同行。接下来是印度尼西亚总统佐科-维多多。在周三访问了乌克兰总统沃洛多米尔-泽伦斯基(Volodomyr Zelensky)之后,佐科维(Jokowi),正如他所知道的那样,将在周四会见普京。

约科威是俄罗斯入侵以来第一位访问这两个国家的东南亚领导人。他将自己的 "使命 "描述为努力防止一场迫在眉睫的粮食危机,这场危机有可能使依赖从俄罗斯和乌克兰进口粮食的贫穷国家 "陷入极端贫困和饥饿的深渊"。他不太可能成功。但作为今年11月G20会议的主席,他已经邀请泽伦斯基先生和普京先生出席,尽管乌克兰(与俄罗斯不同)不是成员。如果他们出席,这将是一个相当大的成就。如果他能将印度尼西亚定位为一个能够调解冲突的世界大国,那就更好了。

乔-拜登考虑离岸石油和天然气

照片。EPA
随着美国的汽油价格达到创纪录的水平,通货膨胀率达到40年来的新高,乔-拜登总统面临着采取行动的压力。他的政府关于近海石油和天然气开发的五年计划,其草案将于周四提交,可以提供一些关于其打算如何应对能源危机的想法。

共和党人(以及偶尔对化石燃料友好的民主党人)批评拜登的政府在开放新的近海开采点方面犹豫不决。他们认为,更多的供应将有助于降低价格。但环保人士认为,削减化石燃料的供应对于美国向更绿色的能源发展是必要的。更加复杂的是,拜登先生在竞选时曾承诺禁止在联邦水域进行新的钻探。

然而,无论拜登先生的计划是什么,没有任何额外的燃料能够迅速到达,以缓解美国目前的能源困境。在今年晚些时候批准最终的石油和天然气计划之前,新地点的租约不能被拍卖给公司。而这些租约无论如何需要数年时间才能将供应品推向市场。美国人还将在一段时间内被耗尽钱包的汽油价格所困。

在您的收件箱中获取简报
每周六次在早餐前送达。

注册
马科斯家族重返菲律宾总统宝座

照片。DAVE SIMONDS
周四,费迪南德-邦邦-马科斯宣誓就任菲律宾总统,接替罗德里戈-杜特尔特。参加就职典礼的围观者中包括新总统的母亲、第一位担任该职位的费迪南德-马科斯的遗孀伊梅尔达-马科斯。

老马科斯的政权恐吓其反对者并掠夺经济,然后在1986年一场民众起义中恢复了民主。年轻的马科斯先生对其家族的这一污点视而不见,尽管他没有向菲律宾人提供关于他计划如何治理的细节,但他还是在5月的总统选举中获胜。

马科斯王朝的复兴既有实际意义也有象征意义。周六年满93岁的马科斯夫人被大众所鄙视,她在2018年对自己的贪污罪提出上诉时获得了保释,这是她丈夫20年执政期间产生的2亿美元腐败案的一部分。一旦上任,她的儿子可以赦免她。

西班牙的飞机主要停留在地面上

照片。GETTY IMAGES
周四,西班牙的瑞安航空机舱服务员开始了为期三天的罢工,在其他几个欧洲国家的类似行动之后不久。虽然该航空公司声称第一次罢工没有造成什么影响,但这次罢工与同样在西班牙的易捷航空的员工停工相吻合。同时,英国航空公司和斯堪的纳维亚航空公司的员工已经威胁要罢工,其他航空公司和机场正在进行激烈的薪酬谈判,一些空中交通管制员也可能放下工具。

欧洲和美国的飞行者被压抑的需求已经超过了航空公司和机场重新雇用大流行病期间被解雇的员工的能力。工人的缺乏已经导致两个大陆的航班取消,以及在旅行高峰期出现长队。美国的7月4日周末假期将证明是对航空公司、机场和乘客的另一个考验。再加上罢工,这一切都使离境大厅的夏天变得黯淡无光。



试管婴儿的更简单替代方案?

照片。科学图片库
体外受精,即通过人工创造胚胎并将其植入子宫的过程,是非常了不起的。但它涉及严重的医疗干预,花费大量资金,而且经常失败。根据不列颠哥伦比亚大学林赛-马尚(Lindsay Machan)的新研究,可能有一个更简单的替代方法。

当不孕不育是由输卵管堵塞造成的,一种选择是尝试用一根细线疏通它们。这个过程被称为 "再通",并不新鲜。但Machan博士认为它没有得到充分利用。

2015年至2021年期间,Machan博士的团队检查了725名至少有一个输卵管堵塞的妇女。医生们通过使用再通术,使其中的539名妇女重新打开了堵塞的输卵管。马尚博士没有研究这些妇女后来在没有试管婴儿的情况下受孕的可能性。但是,由于每年有大约250万个治疗周期,应该有人会接受这种治疗。

每日问答

本周,我们的咖啡师将每天为您提供一个新问题。在周五,你的挑战是给我们所有的五个答案,并且,同样重要的是,告诉我们连接的主题。在北京时间周五17点前,将你的回答(包括提及你的家乡和国家)发到 QuizEspresso@economist.com。我们将在周六从有正确答案的人中随机挑选,并在每个大洲选出一名获胜者。

星期四。哪家英国报纸是在1785年以《环球日报》的形式成立的?
星期三。哪首圣诞颂歌是根据克里斯蒂娜-罗塞蒂的诗改编的,由古斯塔夫-霍尔斯特配乐?

为什么一个史诗般的诗人没有写过一个关于我们生活的字?

Omprakash Valmiki
您需要登录后才可以回帖 登录 | 立即注册

本版积分规则

QQ|小黑屋|手机版|网站地图|关于我们|七月天| ECO中文网 ( 京ICP备06039041号  

GMT+8, 2022-12-1 20:52 , Processed in 0.072003 second(s), 20 queries .

Powered by Discuz! X3.3

© 2001-2017 Comsenz Inc.

快速回复 返回顶部 返回列表