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2022.06.29芬兰和瑞典将于周三被正式邀请加入北约

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发表于 2022-6-29 20:30:33 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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My Economist
The world in brief
Catch up quickly on the global stories that matter

Updated 2 hours ago (10:48 GMT+1 / 05:48 New York)

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Finland and Sweden will be formally invited to join NATO on Wednesday, according to the alliance’s secretary-general, after an agreement over their membership was reached on Tuesday evening. Turkey had been blocking the countries’ bids on the grounds that they are home to Kurdish separatists (whom Turkey considers terrorists) but conceded after they promised to be tougher on terrorism. President Joe Biden, a staunch advocate for Finland and Sweden joining, is set to announce new American military commitments during NATO’s summit this week.

The Ukranian mayor of Kherson, an occupied city in southern Ukraine, was detained after refusing to cooperate with Russian officials. Meanwhile a Russian missile hit a residential building in the nearby city of Mykolaiv, killing at least three civilians. Video also emerged of a rocket hitting a shopping centre in Kremenchuk, in central Ukraine, on Monday, dispelling Russian denials of responsibility for the attack.

A former White House aide testified that Donald Trump knew the mob of his supporters could turn violent when they gathered at the Capitol on January 6th last year. Cassidy Hutchinson—who worked for Mr Trump’s chief of staff, Mark Meadows—told the House of Representatives committee investigating the insurrection that Mr Trump tried to take the wheel of his limo from a secret-service agent, in order to meet the crowd at the Capitol.

Officials in the Philippines ordered Rappler, an online media outlet, to shut down. It is one of the few outlets in the country critical of Rodrigo Duterte, the outgoing president. Maria Ressa, the co-founder and joint-winner of last year’s Nobel peace prize, said Rappler would stay open and challenge the order in court. Mr Duterte will be replaced by Ferdinand “Bongbong” Marcos on Thursday.

Republicans in Colorado nominated a moderate candidate supportive of some abortion rights to the Senate, in one of the first primaries held in America since the Supreme Court voted to overturn Roe v Wade. Joe O’Dea has said he believes that the decision to have a termination in the initial months of pregnancy is “between a person and their God”. Meanwhile a county judge in Texas temporarily blocked a total ban on abortions from taking effect in the state.

Officials in Rajasthan, a state in northern India, suspended internet services amid rising tensions after a Hindu man was murdered by two Muslim men. In a video posted online, the killers said they were retaliating against the victim’s support for Nupur Sharma, the suspended spokeswoman for the Bharatiya Janata Party who made controversial remarks about the Prophet Muhammad this month.

The board of Walt Disney, the world’s biggest media company, voted unanimously to extend the contract of its chief executive for another three years. Bob Chapek was heavily criticised for his response to Florida’s “Don’t Say Gay” law, which restricts conversations about sexuality and gender orientation in schools. Liberals were angry that Disney was slow to object to the bill; Republicans were furious when it did.

Fact of the day: 9%, the percentage of Americans who think that a pregnant woman should never be able to obtain a legal abortion. Read the full article.


Who will meet the world’s demand for oil?

PHOTO: ALAMY
It is increasingly difficult to blame soaring petrol prices on the machinations of the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries. Led by Saudi Arabia, the oil cartel tries to manage the world oil supply. On Wednesday OPEC will gather virtually to discuss production quotas. On Thursday it will do the same in an expanded group known as OPEC+, including a handful of other big producers of oil, notably Russia.

More oil may help to ease prices. OPEC+ has committed to boost output by almost 650,000 barrels per day in July and August, up from previously planned increases of roughly 400,000. In July Joe Biden, America’s president, will visit Saudi Arabia to plead for even more. But at the G7 summit on Monday France’s president, Emmanuel Macron, was overheard telling Mr Biden that Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates—the only two OPEC countries thought to have a lot of spare production capability—are at “maximum” and “don’t have huge capacity.”


Vladimir Putin’s first wartime trip abroad

PHOTO: EPA
Outside the West, most of the world has not picked a side in Russia’s war on Ukraine. Yet Russia has few real allies, which may explain why Vladimir Putin has not left his country since ordering the invasion in late February. This week he is finally remedying that with a short trip to Tajikistan and Turkmenistan, two friendly ex-Soviet countries in Central Asia, followed by two days in Belarus.

On Tuesday in Dushanbe, the Tajik capital, Mr Putin met President Imomali Rakhmon, who has run his country for almost three decades. Mr Rakhmon values Russian help against Islamists: Tajikistan hosts a Russian military base with about 7,000 troops. On Wednesday in Ashgabat, the capital of Turkmenistan, Mr Putin will attend a summit of the five Caspian littoral countries: Russia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan. Here, some relations are more complicated. President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev of Kazakhstan refuses to recognise the Russian-backed statelets in eastern Ukraine, perhaps fearing his regime could face similar separatist unrest. Mr Putin, who sent troops to prop up Mr Tokayev during riots in January, is not pleased.

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Europe flirts with stagflation

PHOTO: GETTY IMAGES
Inflation is high and unemployment is at a record low. These should be signs that the euro-zone economy is overheating. Yet it is not. For now it remains caught between a strong reopening boom after the pandemic, and uncertainty amid war in Ukraine and high energy prices. Most recent indicators have pointed to an economic slowdown. The European Commission’s business and consumer survey, due on Wednesday, is expected to do the same.

Industrial indicators from Germany and Austria show a decline in new orders and business expectations. The threat of gas rationing is looming, notably in Germany. And although wage growth will pick up as workers demand compensation for rising prices, it is unlikely to keep pace with inflation. In July the European Central Bank must decide how steeply to raise interest rates. Demonstrating resolve against inflation while protecting growth and employment will require the most delicate balance.

Uproar over executions in Myanmar

PHOTO: AFP
Myanmar’s generals have no qualms about shedding blood. Since seizing power in a coup in February 2021 the army has killed at least 2,000 Burmese. Yet the junta has provoked particular outrage over its vow to hang four political prisoners. It has refused to say when exactly the executions will take place but there is speculation that the executions are imminent. It will be the first time the death penalty has been used in Myanmar in more than 30 years.

Two of those on death row are prominent democracy activists convicted of collaborating with a rival government formed by deposed MPs shortly after the coup. The other two were found guilty of killing military informants. That the junta is dusting off the gallows suggests the army feels obliged to ramp up its campaign of intimidation. Since the coup as many as 100,000 Burmese have formed militias. They are growing better-organised, and gaining territory. Making martyrs of four rebels will do little to change that.


The history of black comedy

PHOTO: GETTY IMAGES
A new documentary about the history of black comedy in America is released on Wednesday on A&E Networks. “Right to Offend” explores stand-up pioneers such as Moms Mabley, a vaudeville entertainer, Dick Gregory and Richard Pryor, as well as more recent entertainers like Eddie Murphy, Dave Chappelle and Kevin Hart. The title refers to comedy’s potential for subversion and controversy, as well as its importance in social-justice movements.

Some black comedians such as the (now-disgraced) Bill Cosby, have steered clear of racial politics, focusing instead on issues common to all Americans. But, as talking-heads in the programme contend, for most African-American performers comedy has always been entwined with politics. Gregory became a civil-rights activist. Mr Chappelle's Netflix special “8.46” is a reference to the period for which George Floyd suffocated under the knee of a white policeman. To reinforce their point, the film-makers juxtapose footage of police violence with audio from stand-up routines.

Daily quiz

Our baristas will serve you a new question each day this week. On Friday your challenge is to give us all five answers and, as important, tell us the connecting theme. Email your responses (and include mention of your home city and country) by 1700 BST on Friday to QuizEspresso@economist.com. We’ll pick randomly from those with the right answers and crown one winner per continent on Saturday.

Wednesday: Which Christmas carol was based on a poem by Christina Rossetti, set to music by Gustav Holst?

Tuesday: Which American actor formed one half of a double act with a performer whose real name was Arthur Stanley Jefferson?

Grown-ups never understand anything by themselves, and it is tiresome for children to be always and forever explaining things to them.

Antoine de Saint-Exupéry




据联盟秘书长称,芬兰和瑞典将于周三被正式邀请加入北约,此前已于周二晚间就其成员资格达成了协议。土耳其一直在阻止这两个国家的申请,理由是它们是库尔德分离主义分子(土耳其认为是恐怖分子)的家园,但在它们承诺对恐怖主义采取更严厉的措施后,土耳其让步了。乔-拜登总统是芬兰和瑞典加入的坚定倡导者,他将在本周的北约峰会上宣布美国的新军事承诺。

乌克兰南部被占领城市赫尔松市的乌克兰市长在拒绝与俄罗斯官员合作后被拘留。同时,一枚俄罗斯导弹击中了附近城市Mykolaiv的一栋住宅楼,至少造成三名平民死亡。周一还出现了一枚火箭弹击中乌克兰中部克雷门楚克的一个购物中心的视频,消除了俄罗斯否认对这次袭击负责的说法。

一名前白宫助手作证说,唐纳德-特朗普知道他的支持者的暴徒在去年1月6日聚集在国会大厦时可能会变成暴力。卡西迪-哈钦森曾为特朗普先生的幕僚长马克-梅多斯工作,他告诉调查叛乱的众议院委员会,特朗普先生试图从一名特勤人员手中接过他的豪华轿车的方向盘,以便在国会大厦迎接人群。

菲律宾官员下令关闭在线媒体Rappler。它是该国为数不多的批评即将离任的总统罗德里戈-杜特尔特的媒体之一。去年诺贝尔和平奖联合创始人玛丽亚-雷萨(Maria Ressa)说,Rappler将继续营业,并在法庭上挑战这一命令。杜特尔特先生将于周四由费迪南德-邦邦-马科斯接替。

科罗拉多州的共和党人提名了一位支持某些堕胎权利的温和派候选人进入参议院,这是自最高法院投票推翻罗伊诉韦德案以来美国举行的首批初选之一。Joe O'Dea表示,他认为在怀孕最初几个月终止妊娠的决定是 "一个人和他们的上帝之间的事"。与此同时,德克萨斯州的一名县级法官暂时阻止了全面禁止堕胎的规定在该州生效。

在一名印度教男子被两名穆斯林男子杀害后,印度北部拉贾斯坦邦的官员暂停了互联网服务,紧张局势不断加剧。在网上发布的一段视频中,凶手说他们是为了报复受害者对努普尔-夏尔马的支持,努普尔-夏尔马是印度人民党被停职的女发言人,本月对先知穆罕默德发表了有争议的言论。

世界最大的媒体公司华特迪士尼的董事会一致投票决定将其首席执行官的合同再延长三年。鲍勃-查普克因其对佛罗里达州 "不要说同性恋 "法律的回应而受到严厉批评,该法律限制在学校进行有关性行为和性别取向的谈话。自由主义者对迪斯尼迟迟不反对该法案感到愤怒;当它反对时,共和党人也很愤怒。

今天的事实。9%,认为孕妇不应获得合法堕胎的美国人的百分比。阅读全文。


谁将满足世界对石油的需求?

照片。阿拉米
越来越难将飙升的汽油价格归咎于石油输出国组织的阴谋。在沙特阿拉伯的领导下,这个石油卡特尔试图管理世界石油供应。周三,欧佩克将聚集在一起,讨论生产配额。周四,它将在一个被称为 "欧佩克+"的扩大小组中进行同样的讨论,其中包括其他几个石油生产大国,特别是俄罗斯。

更多的石油可能有助于缓解价格。欧佩克+已经承诺在7月和8月将产量提高近65万桶/日,高于之前计划的大约40万桶。7月,美国总统拜登(Joe Biden)将访问沙特阿拉伯,恳求增加产量。但在周一的七国集团峰会上,法国总统埃马纽埃尔-马克龙(Emmanuel Macron)被偷听到告诉拜登先生,沙特阿拉伯和阿拉伯联合酋长国--被认为拥有大量剩余生产能力的唯一两个欧佩克国家--正处于 "最大限度","没有巨大的能力"。


普京的首次战时出国旅行

照片。EPA
在西方之外,世界上大多数国家都没有在俄罗斯的乌克兰战争中选择立场。然而,俄罗斯几乎没有真正的盟友,这可能解释了为什么弗拉基米尔-普京自2月底下令入侵以来一直没有离开他的国家。本周,他终于弥补了这一缺陷,对塔吉克斯坦和土库曼斯坦这两个中亚友好的前苏联国家进行了短期访问,随后在白俄罗斯停留两天。

周二,在塔吉克斯坦首都杜尚别,普京先生会见了管理该国近三十年的总统伊莫马利-拉赫蒙。拉赫蒙先生重视俄罗斯对伊斯兰主义者的帮助。塔吉克斯坦有一个俄罗斯军事基地,拥有大约7000名士兵。周三在土库曼斯坦首都阿什哈巴德,普京先生将出席里海沿岸五个国家的峰会。俄罗斯、阿塞拜疆、伊朗、哈萨克斯坦和土库曼斯坦。在这里,一些关系更加复杂。哈萨克斯坦总统卡西姆-若马尔特-托卡耶夫拒绝承认俄罗斯支持的乌克兰东部的小国,也许是担心他的政权可能面临类似的分离主义动乱。普京先生在1月份的骚乱中派兵支持托卡耶夫先生,他对此并不满意。

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欧洲与滞胀擦肩而过

照片。GETTY IMAGES
通货膨胀率很高,失业率处于历史最低水平。这些应该是欧元区经济过热的迹象。但事实并非如此。目前,它仍然夹在大流行病后强劲的重新开放热潮与乌克兰战争和高能源价格带来的不确定性之间。最近的大多数指标都指出了经济放缓。欧盟委员会将于周三进行的商业和消费者调查预计也会如此。

德国和奥地利的工业指标显示,新订单和商业预期都在下降。天然气配给的威胁正在逼近,特别是在德国。虽然工资增长将回升,因为工人要求对价格上涨进行补偿,但它不太可能跟上通货膨胀的步伐。7月,欧洲央行必须决定如何大幅提高利率。在保护增长和就业的同时,显示出对抗通胀的决心将需要最微妙的平衡。

缅甸处决事件引起轩然大波

照片。法新社
缅甸的将军们对流血事件毫无顾忌。自2021年2月的政变中夺取政权以来,军队至少杀害了2000名缅甸人。然而,军政府因发誓要绞死四名政治犯而引起了特别的愤怒。军政府拒绝透露处决的确切时间,但人们猜测处决即将开始。这将是缅甸30多年来首次使用死刑。

死囚中的两人是著名的民主活动家,他们被认定与政变后不久由被废黜的议员组成的敌对政府合作。另外两人被认定犯有杀害军方线人的罪行。军政府正在清理绞刑架,这表明军队感到有必要加强其恐吓活动。自政变以来,有多达10万名缅甸人组成了民兵。他们组织得越来越好,领土也越来越大。让四名反叛者成为烈士,对改变这种状况没有什么作用。


黑色喜剧的历史

照片。GETTY IMAGES
一部关于美国黑人喜剧历史的新纪录片于周三在A&E网络上发布。"冒犯的权利 "探讨了杂耍艺人Moms Mabley、Dick Gregory和Richard Pryor等单口相声先驱,以及Eddie Murphy、Dave Chappelle和Kevin Hart等近期艺人。这个标题指的是喜剧的颠覆和争议的潜力,以及它在社会正义运动中的重要性。

一些黑人喜剧演员,如(现已名誉扫地的)比尔-考斯比,已经避开了种族政治,而是关注所有美国人共同的问题。但是,正如节目中的谈话者所争论的那样,对大多数非裔美国人表演者来说,喜剧一直与政治纠缠在一起。格雷戈里成为了一名民权活动家。查佩尔先生的Netflix特别节目 "8.46 "是指乔治-弗洛伊德在一名白人警察的膝盖下窒息的那段时间。为了加强他们的观点,电影制作人将警察暴力的镜头与单口相声的音频并列在一起。

每日小测验

本周,我们的咖啡师将每天为您提供一个新问题。周五,你的挑战是给我们所有的五个答案,同样重要的是,告诉我们连接的主题。在北京时间周五17点前,将你的回答(包括提及你的家乡和国家)发到 QuizEspresso@economist.com。我们将从那些有正确答案的人中随机挑选,并在周六为每个大洲选出一名获胜者。

星期三。哪首圣诞颂歌是根据克里斯蒂娜-罗塞蒂的诗改编的,并由古斯塔夫-霍尔斯特作曲?

星期二。哪位美国演员与一位本名为阿瑟-斯坦利-杰弗逊的演员组成了双人表演的一半?

成年人永远不会自己理解任何事情,而孩子们总是永远向他们解释事情是令人厌烦的。

安托万-德-圣埃克苏佩里
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