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2021莫妮卡-穆尼奥斯-马丁内斯 公共历史学家

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发表于 2022-6-13 08:44:14 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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Monica Muñoz Martinez
Public Historian | Class of 2021
Bringing to light long-obscured cases of racial violence along the U.S.-Mexico border and their reverberations in the present.


Portrait of Monica Muñoz Martinez
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Title
Public Historian
Affiliation
Department of History, University of Texas / Austin
Location
Austin, Texas
Age
37 at time of award
Area of Focus
American History
Website
monicamunozmartinez.com
University of Texas: Monica Martinez
Social
Twitter
Published September 28, 2021
ABOUT MONICA'S WORK
Monica Muñoz Martinez is a public historian bringing to light long-obscured cases of racial violence along the Texas-Mexico border and documenting descendants’ efforts to commemorate and seek justice for the lives lost. Her various projects include an award-winning book, a public history nonprofit, and a digital humanities initiative. Across them all, she combines traditional archival research methods with a practice that she refers to as vernacular history-making, by which the oral histories and memorabilia of victims’ descendants are brought into the public sphere to inform popular understanding of the past.

In the book, The Injustice Never Leaves You: Anti-Mexican Violence in Texas (2018), Martinez delves deeply into three specific cases of extralegal killings committed during a particularly brutal period from 1910 to 1920. Anglo-American vigilantes and state-sanctioned law enforcement officers, most notably the widely revered Texas Rangers, lynched and massacred hundreds of Mexicans and Mexican Americans with impunity. She demonstrates the ways that official legal records and newspaper accounts demonized ethnic Mexican victims as “bandits” and glorified Rangers as protectors of Anglo settlers and civilizers of wild lands. Martinez also explores the aftermath of the tragedies and the transgenerational trauma descendants experienced. In particular, she chronicles the ways families and communities preserved histories of these suppressed atrocities in pursuit of truth and reckoning, even decades after the events themselves. To increase public awareness of this period of racial terror and to share families’ memories and artifacts with a broader public, Martinez and a team of historians cofounded the nonprofit organization Refusing to Forget. The organization has curated museum exhibits, created curricular materials for public school teachers, and erected historical markers on sites where murders took place.

Martinez’s current project, Mapping Violence, aims to build a digital archive that will enable scholars and the general public to learn about various forms of violence targeting different racial and ethnic groups in Texas between 1900 and 1930. Through her partnership with communities and commitment to public history, Martinez is calling attention to distorted views of Texas’s past and highlighting the ways that legacies of dehumanizing violence reverberate in the present.

BIOGRAPHY
Monica Muñoz Martinez received an AB (2006) from Brown University and an MA (2008), MPhil (2010), and PhD (2012) from Yale University. Martinez was a postdoctoral fellow in the Center for Mexican American Studies at the University of Texas at Austin (2012–2014). She was an assistant professor in the Department of of American Studies at Brown University (2014–2020) prior to returning to the University of Texas at Austin in 2020, where she is currently an associate professor in the Department of History. Her additional publications include articles in American Quarterly as well as in Time Magazine and The Washington Post, among other outlets.

IN MONICA'S WORDS
Latina woman with long black hair and gold accent glasses. Quoted text below photo reads: People have a right to learn truthful accounts of history in schools, museums, the news, and popular culture, even when those histories are troubling. This is especially important when lessons of the past can help inspire a more inclusive and equitable future.


Historians have a responsibility to the profession to contribute new findings and advance knowledge. But historians also have a responsibility to society more broadly to make sure that people have access to that knowledge. People have a right to learn truthful accounts of history in schools, museums, the news, and popular culture, even when those histories are troubling. This is especially important when lessons of the past can help inspire a more inclusive and equitable future. That is why I am committed to researching, writing, and sharing histories of the long struggles for justice in U.S. history.





莫妮卡-穆尼奥斯-马丁内斯
公共历史学家 | 2021级
揭示美国-墨西哥边境长期被掩盖的种族暴力案件及其在当下的影响。


莫妮卡-穆尼奥斯-马丁内斯的画像
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标题
公共历史学家
工作单位
德克萨斯大学/奥斯汀分校历史系
工作地点
奥斯汀,德克萨斯州
年龄
获奖时37岁
重点领域
美国历史
网站
monicamunozmartinez.com
德克萨斯大学。莫妮卡-马丁内斯
社会
推特
发表于2021年9月28日
关于莫妮卡的工作
莫妮卡-穆尼奥斯-马丁内斯是一位公共历史学家,她将德克萨斯-墨西哥边境长期被掩盖的种族暴力事件公之于众,并记录了后人为纪念逝去的生命并寻求正义而做出的努力。她的各种项目包括一本获奖的书,一个公共历史非营利组织,以及一个数字人文倡议。在所有这些项目中,她将传统的档案研究方法与她所说的本地历史制作的做法相结合,通过这种做法,受害者后代的口述历史和纪念品被带入公共领域,以告知大众对过去的理解。

在《不义之财不离身》一书中。在《德克萨斯州的反墨西哥暴力》(2018)一书中,马丁内斯深入研究了1910年至1920年这一特别残酷时期发生的三起法外杀人案。英美义警和州政府认可的执法官员,特别是广受尊敬的德克萨斯巡警,对数百名墨西哥人和墨西哥裔美国人实施私刑和屠杀而不受惩罚。她展示了官方法律记录和报纸报道如何将墨西哥裔受害者妖魔化为 "强盗",并将游骑兵美化为盎格鲁定居者的保护者和荒野土地的文明者。马丁内斯还探讨了悲剧的后果和后人经历的跨代创伤。特别是,她记录了家庭和社区如何保存这些被压制的暴行的历史,以追求真相和清算,甚至在事件本身发生几十年后。为了提高公众对这段种族恐怖时期的认识,并与更广泛的公众分享家庭的记忆和文物,马丁内斯和一个历史学家团队共同创立了非营利组织 "拒绝遗忘"。该组织策划了博物馆展览,为公立学校教师编写了课程材料,并在发生谋杀案的地点树立了历史标记。

马丁内斯目前的项目 "映射暴力 "旨在建立一个数字档案,使学者和公众能够了解1900年至1930年期间德克萨斯州针对不同种族和族裔群体的各种暴力形式。通过与社区的合作和对公共历史的承诺,马丁内斯呼吁人们关注对德克萨斯过去的扭曲看法,并强调非人道暴力的遗留问题在当下的回响方式。

个人简历
莫妮卡-穆尼奥斯-马丁内斯在布朗大学获得学士学位(2006年),在耶鲁大学获得硕士学位(2008年)、硕士学位(2010年)和博士学位(2012年)。马丁内斯是德克萨斯大学奥斯汀分校墨西哥裔美国人研究中心的博士后研究员(2012-2014)。在2020年回到德克萨斯大学奥斯汀分校之前,她是布朗大学美国研究系的助理教授(2014-2020年),目前是历史系的副教授。她的其他出版物包括在《美国季刊》以及《时代杂志》和《华盛顿邮报》等刊物上发表的文章。

莫妮卡的话
黑色长发的拉丁裔女性,戴着金色口罩的眼镜。照片下面引用的文字是:。人们有权在学校、博物馆、新闻和流行文化中了解真实的历史,即使这些历史令人不安。当过去的教训可以帮助激发一个更加包容和公平的未来时,这一点尤其重要。


历史学家有责任为这个行业贡献新的发现,推动知识的发展。但是,历史学家也对社会负有更广泛的责任,确保人们有机会获得这些知识。人们有权在学校、博物馆、新闻和流行文化中了解历史的真实描述,即使这些历史是令人不安的。当过去的教训可以帮助激发一个更加包容和公平的未来时,这一点尤其重要。这就是为什么我致力于研究、写作和分享美国历史上为正义而长期斗争的历史。
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