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2012 迪伦-C-潘宁洛特 历史学家

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发表于 2022-6-13 08:51:02 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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Dylan C. Penningroth
Historian | Class of 2012
Unearthing evidence from widely scattered archives to shed light on shifting concepts of property ownership and kinship among African American slaves and their descendents following emancipation.


Portrait of Dylan C. Penningroth
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Title
Historian
Affiliation
Northwestern University
Location
Evanston, Illinois
Age
41 at time of award
Area of Focus
American History
Published October 2, 2012
ABOUT DYLAN'S WORK
Dylan C. Penningroth is a historian who examines shifting concepts of property ownership and kinship in order to shed light on long-obscured aspects of African American life under slavery and in the half-century following slavery’s abolition. In his book The Claims of Kinfolk (2003), he elucidates the informal customs that slaves in the antebellum South used to recognize ownership of property, even while they were themselves considered by law to be property at the time. He also traces the interactions of these extra-legal, vernacular customs with the formal realm of law after emancipation by teasing stories of claims and disputes from such sources as the Freedman’s Bureau and Southern Claims Commission records compiled by the federal government after the Civil War. In addition to demonstrating that ownership of land, livestock, and other material possessions was much more widespread among slave communities than previously believed, Penningroth’s research draws out the underlying social relations and reliance on family members’ labor that made such ownership possible. To broaden the scope of his study, Penningroth extended his investigation across the Atlantic to Africa’s Gold Coast and found informative historical connections among societies that dealt with legacies of slavery and emancipation in the late nineteenth century. His current projects expand upon this transatlantic approach, exploring the importance of lineage and issues of inheritance for slave-descended people in early twentieth-century Ghana and mining Southern court records to uncover the experiences of African Americans who made use of local courts during the decades that followed emancipation. By compiling evidence from vast and widely scattered archives, Penningroth is painting a more vivid picture of relationships between parents and children, husbands and wives, and illuminating the ways communities of slaves and their descendents recognized what belonged to whom.

BIOGRAPHY
Dylan C. Penningroth received a B.A. (1993) from Yale University and an M.A. (1996) and a Ph.D. (2000) from Johns Hopkins University. He was affiliated with the University of Virginia (1999–2002) prior to his appointment as associate professor in the Department of History at Northwestern University in 2003. Since 2007, he has also been an American Bar Foundation research professor.

RECENT NEWS
In fall 2015, Dylan Penningroth joined the faculty of the University of California, Berkeley, as Professor of Law and History.

Updated August 2015



迪伦-C-潘宁洛特
历史学家 | 2012级
从广泛分散的档案中发掘证据,以阐明解放后非裔美国人奴隶及其后代的财产所有权和亲属关系概念的变化。


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标题
历史学家
工作单位
西北大学
工作地点
伊利诺伊州,埃文斯顿
年龄
获奖时为41岁
重点领域
美国历史
发表于2012年10月2日
关于迪伦的工作
Dylan C. Penningroth是一位历史学家,他研究了不断变化的财产所有权和亲属关系的概念,以揭示奴隶制下和奴隶制废除后半个世纪内非裔美国人生活中长期被遮蔽的方面。在他的《亲属的要求》(2003年)一书中,他阐释了在前世的南方,奴隶们用来承认财产所有权的非正式习俗,即使他们自己在当时也被法律认为是财产。他还通过从内战后联邦政府汇编的自由人局和南方索赔委员会的记录中提取索赔和纠纷的故事,追踪了这些法律之外的方言习俗与解放后正式法律领域的互动。除了证明土地、牲畜和其他物质财产的所有权在奴隶社区中比以前认为的要广泛得多,潘宁洛特的研究还引出了潜在的社会关系和对家庭成员的劳动的依赖,使这种所有权成为可能。为了扩大他的研究范围,潘宁洛特将他的调查延伸到了大西洋彼岸的非洲黄金海岸,并在处理奴隶制遗留问题和19世纪末解放问题的社会中发现了丰富的历史联系。他目前的项目扩展了这种跨大西洋的方法,探讨了20世纪初加纳的奴隶后裔的血统和继承问题的重要性,并挖掘了南方的法庭记录,以揭示解放后几十年间利用当地法庭的非裔美国人的经历。通过从庞大而广泛分散的档案中汇编证据,潘宁洛特正在描绘一幅更生动的父母与子女、丈夫与妻子之间的关系,并阐明奴隶社区及其后代认识到什么属于谁的方式。

个人简历
Dylan C. Penningroth从耶鲁大学获得学士学位(1993年),从约翰霍普金斯大学获得硕士学位(1996年)和博士学位(2000年)。在2003年被任命为西北大学历史系副教授之前,他曾隶属于弗吉尼亚大学(1999-2002)。自2007年起,他还担任美国律师基金会的研究教授。

最近的新闻
2015年秋季,迪伦-潘宁洛特加入了加州大学伯克利分校的教师队伍,担任法律和历史教授。

2015年8月更新
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