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[2013.04.13] 男性魅力|腹肌,绝对是极好的!

2013-4-16 08:32| 发布者: migmig| 查看: 34091| 评论: 24|原作者: 盛夏浅

摘要: 男女对异性抱有的期望都不切实际,但女性更甚。
男性魅力

腹肌,绝对是极好的!

男女对异性抱有的期望都不切实际,但女性更甚。

Apr 13th 2013 |From the print edition



一直以来,男人们总在想:女人到底喜欢什么样的男人。有人带着会看到“搓衣板般腹肌”的心态去细细阅读男性杂志寻求帮助,而更具科学精神的人则会希望从实验数据中寻找答案。由布莱恩•莫茨带领的研究小组(当时还属于澳大利亚国立大学)发现了最新证据。他们选取了105名国内异性恋女性,向她们展示了一组男性身体的数字合成照片,其中身高、肩腰比例和疲软状态下的阴茎大小这三个身体特征各不相同,并让她们以性伴侣的角度去评价这些男性。

莫茨及其小组在《美国国家科学院院刊》刚发表了一篇文章描述了他们的研究结果。结果让那些对自己阴茎没自信的男性感到庆幸:尽管女性的确会认为阴茎更大更有吸引力,但这并不是最重要的因素。最重要的是要同时拥有宽肩和窄腰,单单这点就占到了所有具有魅力特征中的四分之三。

结果还发现,男性魅力也与身高没多大关系。莫茨博士觉得这十分奇怪,因为其他研究发现,个高能带来一系列好处,比如薪水会更多,活得也会更长。“越大越好”的效应也遵循收益递减定律:无论身高,肩宽还是阴茎长度,每多一厘米,那这一厘米的重要性都会递减。

然而,即便在研究者所合成的数字照片中,拥有最高身高,最宽肩膀和最英俊脸庞的健壮男性也算不上完美。研究者说,“最优值似乎在测试范围外,这三项身体特征的最大值都会因总体均值而产生两项以上的标准误差”,这也就是说,在女性现实世界遇到的所有男性中,身材比例能如她们所愿的不超过2.5%。这三方面都很完美的男性算是凤毛麟角。

该研究并非没有瑕疵。参加测试的女性并不会把数字化照片误认为真人。现实世界中,其他因素可能比研究者所衡量的身材偏好这个因素更为重要,比如社会地位。而且如果所选男性仅来自一个国家,那就很难把后天成长的影响和自然环境的影响区分开。比如,观点普遍认为:现代人(和西方人)会对窈窕女子有明显偏好。相比现代的色情书籍,十九世纪初的则更着重描述拥有曲线美的女性。女性喜欢什么样的男性,也许正会因她们成长中所经历的文化的不同而不同。

而且从生物学的角度来说,所有女性都比男性更难取悦,这是经验之谈。进化论很好地解释了这一点。即便在分担子女抚养责任方面,人类在所有动物中算是做得比较公平的了,但是生小孩却需要女性付出更多——毕竟要忍受九个月怀胎之苦和喂奶的是女性。因此女性觉得更应该把自己十分有限的生殖资源献给最具吸引力的男性,这样生的孩子也才最想要抚养。小伙子,仰卧起坐走起吧。

From the print edition: Science and technology
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引用 呆酱 2013-4-15 22:34
标题笑岔我了,有意思
引用 终极奔跑者 2013-4-16 08:45
最后一句也是极好的!
引用 geiliable7 2013-4-16 09:26
  题目还真搞。。哈哈
引用 yowychen 2013-4-16 11:00
很棒。
引用 pwj182000 2013-4-16 11:06
Women’s expectations of the opposite sex are at least as unrealistic as men’s ‘
男女对异性抱有的期望都不切实际,但女性更甚。
男女对异性都抱有不切实际的期望,但女性更甚。 其实差不多哈~~

Nonetheless, even the tallest, broadest-shouldered and best-endowed digital hunks that the researchers generated fell short of perfection.
然而,即便在研究者所合成的数字照片中,拥有最高身高,最宽肩膀和最英俊脸庞的健壮男性也算不上完美。

best-endowed这里不是外貌英俊,是上文提到的第三点,你懂的~~

And it is hard, when all the subjects come from a single country, to disentangle the effects of nurture from those of nature. It is commonly pointed out, for instance, that men’s apparent preference for slim women seems to be a relatively modern (and Western) construction.
而且如果所选男性仅来自一个国家,那就很难把后天成长的影响和自然环境的影响区分开。比如,观点普遍认为:现代人(和西方人)会对窈窕女子有明显偏好。

subject试验对象,说的是参加试验的澳大利亚女性~~后面一句我也翻得不大好~~你再想想吧
而且如果所有试验对象仅来自一个国家,那就很难把后天和先天的影响区分开。比如,经常有人指出男人对窈窕女子的明显偏好是(受西方影响)相对近代发生的事。



On the other hand, it is a rule of thumb in biology that females (of any species) are much pickier than males.

而且从生物学的角度来说,所有女性都比男性更难取悦,这是经验之谈。
……(任何物种)的雌性比雄性更挑剔,……

Women therefore face stronger incentives to spend their relatively limited reproductive resources on only the most attractive men, whose children will be most likely to breed in turn.
因此女性觉得更应该把自己十分有限的生殖资源献给最具吸引力的男性,这样生的孩子也才最想要抚养。

……,这些生出的孩子最可能养得活。
引用 shadoweing 2013-4-16 13:42
哇哦。好久不见也。呵呵~回头来看看你哦~

(S影个人版)
Abs-olutely fabulous
真真都是极好的

Women’s expectations of the opposite sex are at least as unrealistic as men’s ‘
在异性的期望上,女性比男性更会YY

MEN have long wondered what exactly it is that women want. Some pore over men’s magazines, with their promises of “washboard abs”, for guidance. The more scientifically minded look for experimental data. The latest evidence comes from a group of researchers led by Brian Mautz, then of Australian National University. They gathered 105 heterosexual Australian women and showed them a series of digitally generated pictures of men in which three bodily characteristics were varied—height, shoulder-to-waist ratio and flaccid penis size. The women were asked to rate the men as sexual partners.
男人在苦苦寻求女人们到底想要的是什么的答案。有些人研读男性杂志,上面刊登着男人们所期望拥有的(梦寐以求的)搓衣板般腹肌,并将其作为参考对象。更具科学头脑的人会在试验中寻求答案。来自澳大利亚国立大学研究小组的布莱恩末次得出的最新数据表明,该小组选出105名澳大利亚异性恋女性,并给他们展示了三种能展现男性魅力(身高,肩到腰的比例,萎软状态的阴茎大小)的组图,要求测试组的女性们以性伴侣的角度进行评价。


Height was also only a weak predictor of appeal. That is odd, says Dr Mautz, because other studies have linked height with all sorts of benefits, from higher salaries to longer lives. The bigger-is-better effect was also subject to diminishing returns: each extra centimetre, whether of height, shoulder width or penis size, was less significant than the previous one.
结果还得出,男性魅力和身高关系不大。莫次博士说,但有点很奇怪,其他研究经常拿身高和其他好的方面联系起来,例如高薪,长寿。‘越大越好’的效应也遵循收益递减定律:无论身多高,肩多款,阴茎多大,每项多一厘米都会减低先前的重要性。



引用 szplayboy 2013-4-16 15:03
引用 shadoweing 2013-4-16 15:29
The study is not perfect. There was no danger of the women mistaking the digital men for the real thing. Other factors—such as social status, for instance—may, in the real world, override the physical preferences that the researchers were measuring. And it is hard, when all the subjects come from a single country, to disentangle the effects of nurture (养育)from those of nature. It is commonly pointed out, for instance, that men’s apparent preference for slim women seems to be a relatively modern (and Western) construction. Erotica from the turn of the 19th century tend to feature much curvier women than their modern equivalent. Women’s preferences may be just as influenced by the culture in which they grow up.
该研究并非是精确的。参加测试的女人们并不会把虚拟男性看作是真人,会产生研究结果的偏差。其他因素可能研究者一直在测量的身型偏好更重要。其次,供测试的所有男性来自同一个国家,很难将后天形成因素和先天自带特点区分开来。比如,在西方国家男人更偏爱窈窕的女性。相比现代情色书刊中出现的女性,19世纪初情色书刊会将女性描述的更为妖娆。女性对男性的偏好,些许也是受伴随着她们变迁的文化洗礼吧。

On the other hand, it is a rule of thumb in biology that females (of any species) are much pickier than males. There are good evolutionary reasons why that is so. Even in humans, who share the burden of child-rearing more equally than many animals, having children requires far more of an investment of resources from a female than it does from a male—after all, it is the woman who must endure nine months of pregnancy and then breast-feed the baby. Women therefore face stronger incentives to spend their relatively limited reproductive resources on only the most attractive men, whose children will be most likely to breed in turn. Back to the sit-ups, boys.
从生物学角度来看,有这么一条常理,女性比男性更难以伺候。进化论就能很好的解释这一点。人类在分担子女抚养方面,比所有动物较为用心的。孕育小孩女性从自己身上投入更多。毕竟,女人需要怀胎十月,生出小孩后还需母乳喂养。因此,就能强烈诱发女性将自己有限的生殖资源献给更具吸引力的男性身上,这样他们的小孩也是他们最想要抚养。小伙子们,今儿仰卧起坐没呀!

引用 追梦少年 2013-4-16 21:59
引用 盛夏浅 2013-4-16 22:36
shadoweing 发表于 2013-4-16 13:42
哇哦。好久不见也。呵呵~回头来看看你哦~

(S影个人版)

abs-olutely还是把abs翻出来吧,感觉更能体现作者pun的用法。
引用 盛夏浅 2013-4-16 22:53
shadoweing 发表于 2013-4-16 13:42
哇哦。好久不见也。呵呵~回头来看看你哦~

(S影个人版)

我喜欢这个版本:在异性的期望上,女性比男性更会YY
引用 yannanchen 2013-4-17 00:43
Women therefore face stronger incentives to spend their relatively limited reproductive resources on only the most attractive men, whose children will be most likely to breed in turn.

评论: whose children will be most likely to breed in turn. 他们的孩子才最有可能接着(in turn)生养(breed)自己的孩子(子子孙孙绵延不已)
引用 yannanchen 2013-4-17 00:54
“The optimum values appear to lie outside the tested range,” they note, adding that the “maxima are more than two standard deviations from the population mean for each trait.” That means that, for each trait, fewer than 2.5% of the men whom women encounter in the real world will be as generously proportioned as they might hope. Men with perfect scores in all three traits will be rarer than hen’s teeth. 原译:研究者说,“最优值似乎在测试范围外,这三项身体特征的最大值都会因总体均值而产生两项以上的标准误差”,这也就是说,在女性现实世界遇到的所有男性中,身材比例能如她们所愿的不超过2.5%。这三方面都很完美的男性算是凤毛麟角。

评论:two standard deviations 两个标准差。 以上翻译可见译者对基本统计不甚了了。
研究者说,“最优值似乎都在所测值域以外。每项特征的极大值都在总体均值的两个标准差之外”,这就意味着,在现实世界里女性遇到的所有男性中,就该特征而言,尺寸能符合所愿的少于2.5%.能在这三个特征上尺寸均臻完美的男性可以算是凤毛麟角。(如果是独立事件的话, 概率将少于2.5x 2.5 x2.5 %%%)

引用 yannanchen 2013-4-17 00:58
本帖最后由 yannanchen 于 2013-4-17 01:20 编辑

Some pore over men’s magazines, with their promises of “washboard abs”, for guidance.
有些人研读男性杂志,上面刊登着男人们所期望拥有的“搓衣板般腹肌”,并将其作为参考对象。

评论:有些人研读教男人如何获得“搓衣板般腹肌”的男性杂志,想从中找到答案(指南)。

引用 yannanchen 2013-4-17 01:10
本帖最后由 yannanchen 于 2013-4-17 08:00 编辑

And it is hard, when all the subjects come from a single country, to disentangle the effects of nurture from those of nature. It is commonly pointed out, for instance, that men’s apparent preference for slim women seems to be a relatively modern (and Western) construction. Erotica from the turn of the 19th century tend to feature much curvier women than their modern equivalent. Women’s preferences may be just as influenced by the culture in which they grow up.而且如果参与测验的女性仅来自一个国家,那她们就很难将后天形成因素和先天自带特点区分开来。比如,普遍观点认为:现代人(和西方人)会觉得男性对窈窕女子有明显偏好。相比现代的色情书籍,十九世纪初的则更着重描述拥有曲线美的女性。女性喜欢什么样的男性,也许正会因她们成长中所经历的文化的不同而不同。相比现代情色书刊中出现的女性,19世纪初情色书刊会将女性描述得更为妖娆。她们成长所处的文化背景些许会影响女性对男性的偏好吧。

评论: construction 这里我怀疑不是常见的建构之义,来自动词construct, 而是较少见的理解,解释之义, 来自动词 construe。
Nature 先天的人之本性,
Nurture 后天的文化熏陶
1.tend to feature much curvier women than their modern equivalent 当年的杂志多刊登曲线美(体态丰饶)的女性,
2. that men’s apparent preference for slim women seems to be a relatively modern (and Western) construction 如今男人却明显偏爱苗条的女性,
1.2.的对比, 让人得出结论: 如今男人的偏爱不是nature而是nurture, 是当代文化影响。 而且是西方文化。 能不能说是现代西方文化的诠释和理解?


引用 yannanchen 2013-4-17 01:15
本帖最后由 yannanchen 于 2013-4-17 08:03 编辑

the combination of broad shoulders and a narrow waist, which accounted for around three-quarters of the variation in attractiveness all by itself.最重要的是要同时拥有宽肩和窄腰,单单这点就占到了所有具有魅力特征中的四分之三。
评论:宽肩窄腰,单单这点本身就能解释男性魅力方差(或变异)的四分之三

推论是:男性魅力方差的全体中只有四分之一可由其他两个特征以及别的因素(包括随机因素) 来解释。

实际上, 这是在做回归分析。把男性魅力变量回归在三大特征变量以及一个随机变量上。发现,宽肩窄腰的特征变量解释力特强。

引用 yannanchen 2013-4-17 01:19
The bigger-is-better effect was also subject to diminishing returns: each extra centimetre, whether of height, shoulder width or penis size, was less significant than the previous one. “越大越好”的效应也遵循收益递减定律:无论身多高,肩多宽,阴茎多大,每多一厘米,那这一厘米的重要性都会递减。

评论:“大即佳”的效应也遵循收益递减定律:无论是身高肩宽或阴茎尺寸,每增加一厘米,其重要性都要(比前头增加的一厘米)递减。

引用 yannanchen 2013-4-17 01:59
The latest evidence comes from a group of researchers led by Brian Mautz, then of Australian National University. 由布莱恩•莫茨带领的研究小组(当时还属于澳大利亚国立大学)发现了最新证据。
评论:then of Australian National University 是修饰Brian Mautz, 不修饰 researchers.

引用 yannanchen 2013-4-17 07:57
本帖最后由 yannanchen 于 2013-4-17 07:59 编辑

The study is not perfect. There was no danger of the women mistaking the digital men for the real thing. Other factors—such as social status, for instance—may, in the real world, override the physical preferences that the researchers were measuring. And it is hard, when all the subjects come from a single country, to disentangle the effects of nurture from those of nature. It is commonly pointed out, for instance, that men’s apparent preference for slim women seems to be a relatively modern (and Western) construction. Erotica from the turn of the 19th century tend to feature much curvier women than their modern equivalent. Women’s preferences may be just as influenced by the culture in which they grow up. 该研究并非精确无误。参加测试的女性并不会把虚拟男性看作是真人。现实世界中,其他因素可能比研究者一直在测量的身材偏好这个因素更为重要,比如社会地位。而且如果参与测验的女性仅来自一个国家,那她们就很难将后天形成因素和先天自带特点区分开来。比如,普遍观点认为:现代人(和西方人)会觉得男性对窈窕女子有明显偏好。相比现代的色情书籍,十九世纪初的则更着重描述拥有曲线美的女性。女性喜欢什么样的男性,也许正会因她们成长中所经历的文化的不同而不同。相比现代情色书刊中出现的女性,19世纪初情色书刊会将女性描述得更为妖娆。她们成长所处的文化背景些许会影响女性对男性的偏好吧。
评论: 上段的翻译次序上有点问题。我把这一段分三部分:
1.        The study is not perfect. There was no danger of the women mistaking the digital men for the real thing. Other factors—such as social status, for instance—may, in the real world, override the physical preferences that the researchers were measuring. And it is hard, when all the subjects come from a single country, to disentangle the effects of nurture from those of nature
这几句谈的是女人的偏好。

2.        It is commonly pointed out, for instance, that men’s apparent preference for slim women seems to be a relatively modern (and Western) construction. Erotica from the turn of the 19th century tend to feature much curvier women than their modern equivalent.
这几句谈的是男人的偏好。第一句是目前男人偏爱窈窕淑女,苗条是美。 第二句说的是(男人爱看的)色情杂志,在世纪之初,显示的是男人偏爱富有曲线美的丰满女人(而不是现在的骨感瘦美人)。因为当时的杂志插图多是这样的女人。 可见审美观是会随时代,随环境,随文化,尤其是主流(西方)文化的变化而变化。(原来的翻译,似乎未能把握这一层次)

3.        Women’s preferences may be just as influenced by the culture in which they grow up.
这最后一句又回到女人的偏好。这个just as 是跟第二层的男人相比而言的。 我可以改写一下。Women’s preferences may be just as influenced by the culture in which they grow up as men’s preferences have been over the period from turn of the 19th century to the present.  

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